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Regular version of the site
Book
Management practices of Russian companies. Vol. 1. Cases from the HSE Graduate School of Business Collection

Artamoshina P. S., Vinogradov A., Горгишели М. В. et al.

Vol. 1. M.: Higher School of Economics, National Research University, 2021.

Article
The Role of Emotional Information in Banner Blindness

Sapronov F., Gorbunova E. S.

Frontiers in Psychology. 2022. No. 8.

Book chapter
Multiple Social Identities in the Post-Soviet Context

Lebedeva N. M., Galyapina V. N., van de Vijver F. J.

In bk.: Non-Western Identity. Research and Perspectives. Switzerland: Springer, 2022. Ch. 8. P. 131-150.

Working paper
Political, Environmental And Social Determinants Of Pro-Environmental Behaviour In Russia

Sautkina E., Agissova F., Ivanova A. et al.

Basic research program. WP BRP. National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2021. No. 130.

Why are some societies more cooperative than others?

New research by Evgeny Osin and his collaborators shows that our personal perspective on time can determine how we cooperate.

Imagine you are living in a remote village and because of a harsh winter the village is cut off from the main source of electricity. There is no electricity to use for light, heating and television. Luckily, one villager has a generator that can provide sufficient electricity to all other villagers. The only condition is that all villagers should follow rules so that no one overuses the electricity. Will the generator work just enough for everyone or will it collapse?

The true story of a village in the Netherlands in 1978 inspired psychologists and physicists to model how people cooperate with respect to their personality types.

“We live in and with time. Due to various reasons, we can easily become overly oriented on the future, get stuck in the past, or live completely in the present moment. Therefore,how we perceive time, can determine how much we are willing to cooperate. The perspective on time, not only creates personal differences, but it determines our social behavior, something that has been largely neglected in modeling social behaviors. ”, says Anna Sircova.

Sircova and her collaborators combined aspects of personal time perspective with social interactions to investigate to what extent people cooperate. They used time perspective profiles from 25 countries to compare which ‘villages’ could survive the winter longer. Based on their results published in PLOS ONE, they found that UK, New Zealand and Germany are among those countries with high cooperation index. In the lower ends there are Lithuania, Mexico and China.

“These results are correlated with other socio-economic indices such as Human Development Index (HDI). There is a link between how our perception of time creates cooperation in the society and how society encourages us to perceive the time.”, says Sircova.

The generator in the small village in the Netherlands collapsed twice and situation could only be resolved by appointing patrols to monitor other’s misuses, but Sircova and her collaborators are hoping that their results can be used to improve psychological aspects of cooperation to prevent social tragedies.

Sircova, A., Karimi, F., Osin, E. N., Lee, S., Holme, P., & Strömbom, D. (2015). Simulating Irrational Human Behavior to Prevent Resource Depletion. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0117612. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117612