The brochure can be downloaded by the following link: /mirror/pubs/share/227169590
Video on the effect of sequential touching: categorization in infants and young children
Previous studies of concept development in children using the method of sequential touching (Mandler, Bauer, McDonough, 1991; Mandler, McDonough, 1993), showed that if children from one and a half tend to take objects from one category in a row, if objects belonging to categories differing on a superordinate level. For example, cars and horses also differ at a more general level of categorization: transport and animals. However at the same time, children take objects randomly, if the difference between categories is only a base level, but not a superordinate one. For example, horses and dogs belong to the same general category - animals. This effect demonstrates the importance of the superordinate level for the development of categories, and is considered to prove the earlier appearance of superordinate categories as compared with the basic categories in ontogenetic development.
The video shows the sequential touching effect in our experiment (Kotov, Kotova, 2016) on inductive inference in young children . In addition, this video shows that the effect is also observed in children of other cultures. For example, in children in Ghana (Central Africa) Kotov A. A., Kotova T. N. The influence of categorization on inductive reasoning in two and three-year children. Experimental psychology. 2016. T. 9, N. 1, 82-94.
Video was prepared by A. Kotov, T. Kotova and M. Zherdeva
Video on the brain doing math from Lunokhod festival
We calculate cost when we buy things, estimate time and distance when we go on trips and budget for school expenses. How does the healthy brain process math? Classic studies showed that the parietal cortex, a posterior part of the brain was responsible for processing numbers and math. Functional neuroimaging research demonstrates that a distributed group of areas including posterior and anterior brain regions are needed for processing math. This presentation will show interesting facts about the brain and focus on how the healthy brain processes arithmetic problems. Acknowledgment: This presentation is prepared within the framework of the Academic Fund Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics.
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