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Comparative Analysis of Requirements for Competences by the Federal State Educational Standart and National Research University Higher School of Economics Standard

 

In recent years, an increasing number of universities have their own university standards. In this case, a necessary component of monitoring of educational programs is a comparative analysis of the requirements of the FSES and the university standard. The main purpose of such analysis is to show that the requirements of the university standard are not lower than the requirements of FSES.

 

Comparison of the requirements for the competences

     Table 1 presents the results of a comparative analysis of the requirements of the FSES and the university (HSE) standard which consists in the allocation of competencies that can be estimated on the basis of the same or similar descriptors (signs of mastering ).

      Table 2 gives the wording of competencies, further comprising the university standard (beyond the requirements of the FSES). It is basically  social and personal competencies (CPC), the most sophisticated in terms of their assessment.

     Table 3 data suggest three groups of competences of analyzed standards :

1)   The same or very similar wording marked for nine competencies. They are highlighted in the table 3 in bold (pairs FSES/HSE №№ 1,8,9,11,14,15,16,17,19);

2)   Competence that can be accessed on the basis of identical or similar descriptors (signs of mastering) are highlighted in bold italics – nine competences (№№ 2,3,4,10,12,13,18,20,21); 

3)    Regular font is used in the formulations relatively united in one group -  №№ 5, 6, 7, 22. Here, the requirements of the university standard overlap the FSES, which should be confirmed by the relevant wording of the descriptors.

          It should also be noted that the request of the FSES in some cases corresponds to several requirements of the university standard. To some extent this is connected with the fact that the formulation of the university standard are less cumbersome.

 

Table 1

RESULTS OF COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPETENCES BY THE FEDERAL STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARD FOR HIGHER PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AND NATIONAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITY HIGHER SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS: Master program for thespecialization 040100 Sociology

 

CC –common cultural competences; SC– systemic competences; PC- professional competences

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COMPETENCES

FEDERAL STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARD (FSES)

HIGHER SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS

(HSE)

1

CC-1 Ability to store and update the potential of personal, intellectual and cultural growth

SC-4 Ability to improve and develop own intellectual and cultural level, build own professional and career trajectories.

2

CC – 2 Ability to use advanced knowledge of legal and ethical standards in the planning and evaluation of the consequences of professional activities,  in the development and implementation of socially significant projects

PC -4 Ability to prepare and introduce research and development projects and analytical studies in accordance with specification documents.

3

CC–3 Ability to freely use the Russian and foreign languages as a means of business communication; to possess the  skills of editing and translation of professional texts

 

PC -7 Ability to keep verbal and written communication in Russian (official) language as part of professional and academic communication.

 

PC -8Ability to communicate in foreign languages fluently for the purposes of professional and academic communication.

4

CC –2 Ability to use advanced knowledge of legal and ethical standards in the planning and evaluation of the consequences of professional activities,  in the development and implementation of socially significant projects

PC -1 Ability to organize own professional activity following legal and professional regulations.

5

CC–5 Ability to work independently and in a team, to make management decisions

 

SC-5Ability to make management decisions, evaluate their possible consequences and be responsible for them

    Overlaps FSES with the extension of competence descriptors

6

CC–6 Ability to apply basic terms and principles of philosophy, sociology and humanities in educational and professional areas

PC -2Ability to apply methods and theories of social and humanitarian science when performing expert, consulting or analytical activity

Overlaps FSES with the extension of competence descriptors

7

CC–7 Ability to acquire new knowledge using modern educational and information technology

 

SC-5Ability to analyze, verify and evaluate the completeness of information, if necessary complete and generate missing data, work under conditions of uncertainty.

Overlaps FSES with the extension of competence descriptors

8

CC–8 Ability to practice new research methods individually, change academic and research activity profile

SC-3 Ability to practice new research methods individually, change academic and research activity profile.

9

CC–9 Ability to collect, process and interpret data required for making judgments about relevant social, research and ethical problems, involving application of high technologies 

 

PC -11Ability to collect, process and interpret data required for making judgments about relevant social, research and ethical problems, involving application of high technologies.

10

PC –1 Ability to use knowledge and skills in the philosophy of social science, the latest trends and directions of modern sociological theory, methodology and methods of the social sciences with respect to problems of fundamental or applied research of social communities, institutions and processes, public opinion

PC -12 Ability to explain professional problems and situations using basic terms and principles of philosophy, sociology and humanities to solve problems at the intersection of disciplines and allied professional areas.

 

11

PC-2 Ability to set goals and objectives for research in basic and applied fields of sociology (in accordance with profile of the core training programme  of Master’s level), achieve them through modern research methods and application of modern domestic and foreign experience and with involvement of modern equipment, appliances and information technologies

 

PC -3Ability to set goals and objectives for research in various spheres of sociology, achieve them through modern research methods and application of modern domestic and foreign experience and with involvement of modern equipment, appliances and information technologies

12

PC -3 Ability to develop new theories, models, research methods, skills of developing new methodological approaches with the goals and research tasks

SC-2 Ability to offer concepts*and modules, develop and evaluate professional** tools and methods

13

PC –4 Ability and willingness to professionally prepare scientific and technical documents, research reports, present  the results of research taking into account the characteristics of the target audience

 

PC -9 Ability to accomplish and report the results using presentation methods and techniques

14

PC -5 Ability to apply methods and theories of social and humanitarian science when performing expert, consulting or analytical activity

PC -2Ability to apply methods and theories of social and humanitarian science when performing expert, consulting or analytical activity

15

PC –6 Ability to use sociological methods to study actual social problems, for coordinating the interests of social groups and communities

PC -13Ability to apply sociological research methods for studying topical social issues and for identification of social groups demand and interest

16

PC –7 Ability to independently develop professional sociological knowledge-based proposals and recommendations for the solution of social problems, and to develop mechanisms to reconcile the interests of social groups and communities

PC -5Ability to offer and recommend social problems solutions, elaboration of mechanisms for coordinating the interests of social groups and communities.

17

PC –8 Ability to prepare and introduce research and development projects and analytical studies in accordance with specification documents

PC -4Ability to prepare and introduce research and development projects and analytical studies in accordance with specification documents.

18

PC -9 Ability to process and analyze the data for the preparation of analytical solutions, expert reports and recommendations

SC-6 Ability to analyze, verify and evaluate the completeness of information, if necessary complete and generate missing data, work under conditions of uncertainty

19

PC-10 Ability and willingness to planning and manage social projects on public opinion research, organization of marketing services, social expertise of political and scientific and technical solutions

 

PC -6Ability to manage social projects on public opinion research, organization of marketing services, social expertise of political and sci-tech solutions

20

PC -11 Ability to use specialized theoretical knowledge, practical skills and abilities for scientific and applied research, teaching, expert, analytical and consulting activities (in accordance with profile of the core training programme  of Master’s level)

 

PC -6 Ability to manage social projects on public opinion research, organization of marketing services, social expertise of political and sci-tech solutions

 

21

PC -12 Ability to use modern methods of collecting, processing and interpreting complex social information (in accordance with profile of the core training programme  of Master’s level) for formulating and solving organizational and managerial tasks, including those outside the immediate scope of activities

SC-5 Ability to make management decisions, evaluate their possible consequences and be responsible for them.

 

SC-6 Ability to analyze, verify and evaluate the completeness of information, if necessary complete and generate missing data, work under conditions of uncertainty.

 

 

22

PC –13 Ability to use the acquired knowledge in teaching of sociology (in-depth knowledge of basic schools and directions, the ability to sociological reflection)

Advanced knowledge of basic schools and directions, the ability to sociological reflection is provided with a set of descriptors of a number of competencies for master’s level (particularly  SC-6, PC-1, PC-2, PC-4, PC-9, PC-11, PC-13 etc.)

 

 

Table 2

Additional competencies of HSE educational standard compared with Federal state educational standard FSES

 

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Competences

Comment

  1.  

 

SC-1 Ability to reflect (evaluate and process) basic research methods* and work methods**

It is recommended to use with the extension ofcompetence descriptors contained in the modernized layout of FSES: ability of abstract thinking, analysis, synthesis.

  1.  

SC-1 Ability to perform professional and particularly research activities within an international community

It is recommended to use with the extension of competence descriptors contained in the modernized layout of FSES: ability to manage a team in the sphere of professional activity, be tolerant in perceiving social, ethnic, religious and cultural differences

  1.  

PC-10 Ability to satisfy information security requirement, including protection of official secrets while performing professional activity

At the graduate master’s level there is need for development and evaluation of the competence provided by the FSES of bachelorof Sociology

Social and personal competences (SPC)

  1.  

PC-14 Ability to set and maintain legal and ethical standards for professional and social activities.

 

It is recommended to use with the extension of competence descriptors contained in the modernized layout of FSES:

Ability to act in emergency situations, bear social and ethical responsibility for the taken decisions;

 

Ability to manage a team in the sphere of professional activity, be tolerant in perceiving social, ethnic, religious and cultural differences

 

 

  1.  

PC-15 Ability to use social and multicultural diversity for social and professional problem solving.

  1.  

PC-16 Ability to define and communicate common goals in professional and social activity.

  1.  

PC-17 Ability to adopt interpersonal communication strategies

  1.  

PC-18 Ability to promote healthy lifestyle principles, leading by personal example.

  1.  

PC-19 Ability to solve worldview, social and personally important problems

  1.  

PC-20 Ability to build professional career and make choices applying social responsibility principles

  1.  

PC-21Ability to generate brand new ideas and products; be creative and self-motivated.

  1.  

PC-22 Ability to create, describe and enforce technical requirements and regulations in the profession.

 

* option for academic master’s plan,  **option for applied master’s plan.

 

             It should be emphasized that the data presented in Table. 1, 2 are necessary not only to monitor educational programmes. No less important is the role of these data at the stage of development of the basic educational programmes: it will help the developers of educational programmes to avoid typical shortcomings identified during monitoring on the basis of these data.

     One of the typical disadvantages is insufficient knowledge of standard requirements to the composition of the formed competencies and, as a consequence, incomplete fulfillment of these requirements, including incorrect formulations of competences prescribed by the university standard.

 

 

 

 

Comparison of requirements to the resource base of competencies

(knowledge, skills, abilities)

      Knowledge, skills, abilities is a necessary component of competencies, their resource base. So it is important to reflect their mastering in the descriptors of those competencies, the resource base of which they are.

     In educational standards of the FSES and  HSE requirements to knowledge, skills and abilities are given in the structure of educational programme,  in the requirements for the basic part of educational disciplines (section 6, table 2).

 

Table 3

 

Requirements to knowledge, skills and abilities in studying the basic part of educational disciplines

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knowledge, skills, abilities

FSES(section 6, table 2)

HSE(section 6, table 2)

Upon completion of the basic part a student must KNOW:

 

1

basic methodological principles underlying social studies

basic methodological principles underlying social studies

2

methods of scientific evidence and types of explanation in social science;

 

methods of scientific evidence and types of explanation in social science;

 

3

professional terminology, including foreign, used in scientific texts.

 

professional terminology, including foreign, used in scientific texts.

4

 

fundamental structure of the social science, its main categories, approaches and problems, and key sociology terms, such as social structure, stratification, social institution, social interactions, class, gender, identity and other;

5

 

history of social studies, contribution made by leading modern and classical sociologists;

 

6

 

methodology and methods of social studies and data analysis

7

 

methodology and methods of social studies and data analysis; rules for the organization and conduct of sociological research as well as presentation of research findings;

 

Upon completion of the basic part a student must BE ABLE

1

compare and apprise that or another approach or scientific theory in the area of personal expertise;

 

compare and apprise that or another approach or scientific theory in the area of personal expertise;

 

2

 

keep verbal and written professional communication in foreign language

keep verbal and written professional communication in foreign language

3

 

use main sociological terms and theories as a social research tool;

 

4

 

use modern methods of collection and analysis of sociological data;

 

5

 

build various models in data interpretation;

 

6

 

acquire new knowledge and skills, expand and enhance own academic competence;

 

7

 

formulate and defend own research findings in a discussion

Upon completion of the basic part a student must HAVE SKILLS OF:

 

1

critical sociological thinking based on scientific reflection abilities;

 

critical sociological thinking based on scientific reflection abilities;

 

2

translation of scientific texts from/into foreign languages;

 

translation of scientific texts from/into foreign languages;

 

3

 

 

organization and conduct of sociological research

4

 

methodology of presentation and defending acquired research findings

       

 

       As we can see, the difference of the basic part of educational disciplines is accompanied by increased requirements of HSE educational standard to the resource base of competencies: with full repetition of requirements of the FSES the university (HSE) standard contains additional requirements to knowledge, skills and abilities (four, five, and two additional requirements, respectively).









 

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